Human Rights Watch says Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) has been recruiting Afghan immigrant children living in Iran to fight in the conflict in Syria.
The New York-based rights advocate said in a statement released on October 1 that Afghan children as young as 14 have fought in the Fatemiyun division, an exclusively Afghan armed group supported by Iran that fights alongside government forces in the Syrian conflict.
“Iran should immediately end the recruitment of child soldiers and bring back any Afghan children it has sent to fight in Syria,” Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch, said in the statement.
Human Rights Watch said a review photos of tombstones in Iranian cemeteries identified eight Afghan children who apparently fought and died in Syria.
Iranian media reports corroborated some of these cases and reported at least six more instances of Afghan child soldiers who died in Syria, according to Human Rights Watch.
The advocacy group said that due to misrepresentations of some ages on tombstones could indicate that “instances of Iran recruiting children to fight in Syria are likely more prevalent.”
“Rather than preying on vulnerable immigrant and refugee children, the Iranian authorities should protect all children and hold those responsible for recruiting Afghan children to account,” Whitson said.
The Interior Ministry estimated in 2015 that there were 2.5 million Afghans in Iran, many without proper paperwork.
Human Rights Watch has previously documented cases of Afghan refugees in Iran who “volunteered” to fight in Syria in the hopes of gaining legal status for their families.
There are no official public statistics on the size of the Fatemiyun division but, according to Tasnim News, which is affiliated with the IRGC, it has about 14,000 fighters.
Under international law, recruiting children under the age of 15 to participate actively in hostilities is a war crime.