Human rights organizations say Kuchis are the poorest and most marginalized group in Afghanistan.
Over the centuries the Kuchi nomads, whose numbers are estimated from 300,000 to 3 million, have pursued a migratory life, herding caravans of sheep, goats, and camels around the country.
The Kuchis migrated from warmer lowlands in winter to mountain pastures in summer. They played an important part in the economy by producing meat and fabrics used for making carpets.
But many Kuchis have relocated to settled areas because of war, drought, and dwindling access to land. Only around one-third still lead nomadic lives.