China is hosting an international conference on Afghanistan's security and reconstruction in Beijing.
New Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, who has been on a visit to China since October 28, is headlining the forum known as the Istanbul Ministerial Process.
The annual conference brings Afghanistan and China together with more than a dozen member states and observers, including the United States.
China said on October 29 it would provide $330 million in grants to Afghanistan along with professional training and scholarships for 3,500 Afghans over the next five years.
China is a key investor in Afghanistan, which has an estimated $1 trillion worth of mineral resources, and has secured major oil and copper mining deals there.
Afghanistan and China share a 76-kilometer border between the remote, mountainous Wakhan Corridor and China's far western Xinjiang region.