An old woman throws dirty water out of her house in Khyurdabakh, in the mountains of Daghestan. Patimat Musalmagomedova is the last permanent resident of the village.
Khyurdabakh means "the village on the rock." It is not connected to utility systems. In the 1970s there were still people living in the village, but later they moved down to the valley.
Musalmagomedova refuses to move out on principle. This is the village where she was born, spent her whole life, and wants to die. No one knows how old she is: some say 77, others 89.
Musalmagomedova is a member of the Avar community, Daghestan's largest ethnic minority. The Avars have traditionally lived in villages around 2,000 meters above sea level.