ISLAMABAD (Reuters) -- Neighbors say when three men kicked down the doors and burgled the home of a North Korean diplomat in Islamabad last month, it took them more than three hours to lug out their booty: thousands of bottles of Scotch whisky, beer, and French wine.
The robbers came prepared. Police and witnesses said they brought three cars and a small truck to plunder Hyon Ki Yong's trove of alcoholic drinks, which is worth more than $150,000 on the black market in a country where it is illegal for Muslims to consume alcohol.
The police, who recovered much of the stash soon after the October 3 burglary, say the three robbers were police officers and have issued arrest warrants for them and a member of a well-known bootlegging family. They also arrested Hyon's housekeeper.
Senior police and customs officials say the discovery of such a large amount of liquor has led them to conclude that some North Korean diplomats are involved in selling alcohol either to make money for themselves or to provide funds for the cash-starved regime in Pyongyang.
The North Korean government is facing increasingly tough United Nations-backed economic sanctions because of its nuclear weapons and missile development programs.
"This North Korean was involved in liquor selling," said a senior police official in Islamabad who is familiar with the investigation, in reference to Hyon.
The officer said North Korean diplomats in Pakistan had been doing this for years, though he provided no direct evidence of such sales.
Reuters could not independently verify whether Hyon had been selling alcohol.
A diplomat from the North Korean Embassy declined to comment on Hyon's case or the wider allegations about alcohol sales.
"It has been discussed between the embassy and MOFA (Pakistan’s Foreign Affairs Ministry)," said the diplomat, who put the phone down before identifying himself. He did not respond to subsequent calls.
Reuters was unable to reach Hyon for comment.
The investigating police officer, Ishtiaq Hussain, said the housekeeper, Boota Masih, had "confessed" to his role in the crime and provided all the details.
Masih is in custody and could not be reached for comment. Reuters couldn't determine if he has a lawyer.
One of the officers being sought by police, Malik Asif, told Reuters when contacted by phone that he denies being involved in the burglary. He said he is currently in hiding.
He said he had no doubt that North Koreans were involved in the alcohol-smuggling business.
"They have been doing this business for a long time," he added.
Pressure From Embassies
Some foreign diplomats in Islamabad have long held suspicions that North Korean diplomats in Pakistan are involved in bootlegging.
They say they believe Pakistan has turned a blind eye to bootlegging by North Koreans, perhaps out of courtesy to the historic ties between the two countries. Abdul Qadeer Khan, the Pakistani scientist lionized as the father of Pakistan’s atomic bomb, said in 2004 that he had sold nuclear secrets to North Korea.
Pakistan denies being lax in policing such behavior by North Korean diplomats. “No such activity has ever been or shall ever be tolerated,” foreign ministry spokesman Mohammad Faisal told Reuters.
When asked about this particular case, Faisal said: "Pakistan is actively investigating the case and any indiscretion, if proved, will be punished as per national and international laws.”
Pakistan has also always denied helping North Korea with its nuclear program.
This summer, the U.S. Embassy in Islamabad along with South Korean and Japanese counterparts lodged a complaint with Pakistan's Foreign Affairs Ministry about the size of the North Korean mission in Pakistan because they wanted to reduce its ability to raise funds for Pyongyang by reselling imported alcohol, according to diplomatic sources in Islamabad and Seoul.
The Japanese and South Koreans had been making such requests for more than a year, according to a source in Seoul. A Japanese foreign ministry source has denied knowledge of the demarche.
The source in Seoul estimates North Korea has 12 to 14 diplomats in Pakistan, split between Islamabad and Karachi, prompting some diplomats to wonder why Pyongyang needs so many representatives when -- according to Pakistani central bank data -- its official trade with Pakistan ceased since August 2016.
Washington has been tightening the diplomatic and economic noose around North Korea, seeking to cut its foreign sources of funding amid fears the world's most isolated regime is on the cusp of developing intercontinental ballistic missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads to American shores.
The U.S. Embassy in Pakistan declined to comment, as did Japan's foreign ministry.
The South Korean foreign ministry said: "Our government is closely monitoring any movement concerning illegal activities of North Korea, but we cannot officially confirm this case."
Pakistan's foreign ministry didn't respond to questions about the pressure it faced from other nations over the size of North Korea's mission.
"Angry And Upset"
When Hyon discovered the robbery on October 4 after returning to Islamabad from a trip to China, the diplomat rushed to the nearby police station to report the crime.
"He was angry and upset," said Hussain, the police officer who interviewed Hyon at Islamabad's Kohsar police station. "And very worried."
Hyon told the police the robbers had fled with 1,200 bottles of Johnnie Walker Black Label whisky, 200 cases of wine, 60 cartons of beer, dozens of bottles of tequila, two diamonds, and $3,000 in cash, according to a police document reviewed by Reuters. On the black market, the whisky alone is worth $80 per bottle, or a total $96,000.
Hyon and the North Korean Embassy told police the alcohol was imported legally and presented documents to back up its case. Police declined to make the documents available.
A week after the robbery, North Korea's ambassador to Pakistan met with the foreign ministry's chief of protocol to request that Hyon's missing items be returned, according to a Pakistani foreign ministry document seen by Reuters.
It is unclear whether Hyon, who would have diplomatic immunity, is himself under investigation.
Documents reviewed by Reuters showing four separate alcohol import orders by North Korea's embassy between March and December 2016 paint a picture of a mission importing alcoholic drinks that would be far above any reasonable personal needs of its diplomats.
During the nine-month period, the embassy imported 10,542 bottles of French Bordeaux wine through Truebell, a United Arab Emirates-based company. The four orders, billed by Truebell at $72,867, also included a total of 17,322 cans of Heineken and Carlsberg beer, as well as 646 bottles of champagne.
A person who answered the phone on Truebell's number in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, told Reuters the company no longer has any dealing with North Korea but did not elaborate and would not answer any more questions.
Alcohol is a sensitive issue in Pakistan.
Muslims, by law, are not allowed to consume alcohol, but many among the Westernized elite drink.
Non-Muslims such as Christians, Hindus, and Sikhs, accounting for about 3 percent of the population between them, are allowed to drink alcohol, but obtaining high-quality imported liquor and wine is almost impossible through legal means.
This has spawned a lucrative black market. Alcohol is smuggled across borders and through sea ports, while several diplomats from poorer countries told Reuters they had been offered thousands of dollars by bootleggers to buy their quarterly "alcohol quotas.”
"I've been approached five times, usually at diplomatic receptions," said one non-Western diplomat.
Under Pakistan's rules, Hyon, who has the rank of first secretary at the North Korean Embassy, would every three months be allowed to import a consignment of alcohol. Under one of the allowed formulas that would mean 120 liters of various spirits, 18 liters of wine, and 240 liters of beer -- only a fraction of the amount he reported missing.