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Pence Urges Peaceful End To Standoff Over Afghan Governor

FILE: U.S. Vice President Mike Pence with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani at the Presidential Palace in Kabul on December 21, 2017.
FILE: U.S. Vice President Mike Pence with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani at the Presidential Palace in Kabul on December 21, 2017.

(Reuters) - U.S. Vice President Mike Pence called for a peaceful change of leadership in the northern Afghan province of Balkh, where the powerful governor has defied attempts by the central government to oust him for the past month amid sensitive ethnic rivalries.

The standoff between President Ashraf Ghani and Balkh Governor Atta Mohammad Noor has threatened to destabilize the fragile Western-backed administration in Kabul and raised fears the government could try to use force to break the stalemate.

Pence spoke to Ghani about Washington's new South Asia strategy and afterwards posted a message on Twitter saying he had emphasized support for the Afghan government "to engage (with) Balkh Governor Atta and conduct peaceful transition of leadership," he wrote on January 16.

Noor is one of the most prominent of a number of powerful regional leaders who have been a thorn in the side of Ghani, a former World Bank official named president after a disputed election in 2014.

The confrontation, amid increasing political maneuvering ahead of presidential elections next year, has been colored by the ethnic rivalries that have become increasingly prominent in Afghan politics.

Atta Mohammad Noor
Atta Mohammad Noor

Noor is a leader of Jamiat-i Islami, a party mainly supported by Persian-speaking ethnic Tajiks in the north who have become increasingly resentful of Ghani, a Pashtun, whom they accuse of favoring his own ethnic group, which is mainly based in the south and east.

Negotiations between the president's office and officials from Jamiat have been going on for weeks, so far without result and Western diplomats in Kabul are concerned the standoff could degenerate into violence.

As well as damaging the government, the uncertainty has threatened to undermine the new U.S. strategy of stepping up pressure on the Taliban through air strikes and increased support to Afghan security forces to try to force the insurgents to the negotiating table.

On January 15, the top U.S. and NATO commander in Afghanistan, Gen. John Nicholson, said that the United States and the international community wanted to see a peaceful solution.

"We respect and support all Afghans and we hope, of course, internal political resolutions will occur so that we can move forward," he told reporters at the margins of a change of command ceremony in the southern province of Helmand.

"If this is sorted out, this is a big win because it demonstrates to all Afghans that differences can be resolved non-violently through a political process."